Fact 20: There is also much noise in the ocean. So how does trash get into the ocean? With so much going on well below the surface, it's easy to forget that the oceans are teeming with life. Fact 34: We cannot see ocean pollution because most ocean trash sits on the bottom, and it may be worse. By 2008, that number jumped to It is becoming more difficult for bivalves such as mussels, clams and oysters to form shells, decreasing their likelihood of survival, upsetting the food chain and affecting the shellfish industry of multibillion-dollar. Nutrient-packed fertilizers applied to farmland, for example, often … Fortunately, it’s not too late to clean up our act. We’re making a racket down there.Noise pollution generated by shipping and military activity can cause cellular damage to a class of invertebrates that includes jellyfish and anemones. Fact 19: Littering causes pollution in the ocean, which also causes a substantial loss of life beneath the seas. also pioneered the Seascapes approach, partnering with local decision-makers to sustainably manage large, multiple-use ocean areas. 405. Harmful algal blooms (HABs), also known as “red tides,” grow rapidly and produce toxic effects that can affect marine life and sometimes even humans, which depletes the oxygen content in the water that affects marine life. Fact 35: One effect of greenhouse emissions is increased ocean acidification, which makes the oceans lose mussel mass. Fact 6: There’s so much junk at sea that the debris has formed giant garbage patches. Another interesting facts of ocean pollution is that the ocean actually absorbing the waste from the land that has a form of liquid such as oil and fertilizer. Ocean Pollution has put our oceans at the brink of disaster. Marine pollution is a growing problem in today’s world. Unlike natural materials such as cotton or wool, these synthetic microfibers make up as much as 85 percent of all beach trash that do not break down. Most sources of marine pollution are land-based. Understanding plastic pollution can feel overwhelming. Straight to your inbox. Most ocean trash sits on the bottom.As unsightly as ocean pollution is, what we can’t see may be worse: 70 percent of ocean garbage actually sinks to the seafloor, meaning we’re unlikely to ever be able to clean Fact 14: Oil is the fastest source of deterioration to the ocean, being far more harmful than trash and waste. Here are 22 Preposterous Facts About Plastic Pollution: In the Los Angeles area alone, 10 metric tons of plastic fragments—like grocery bags, straws and soda bottles—are carried into the Pacific Ocean every day. Shutterstock. In 2017, in the Gulf of Mexico, oceanographers detected a dead zone nearly the size of New Jersey — the largest dead zone ever measured. Unfortunately, it is being threatened by pollution from people on land and natural causes. Fact 1: Plastics are the most common element found in the ocean today. (And Ways to Dispose of), Are Keys Recyclable? Ocean pollution kills over one million seabirds each year. “Did you know that approximately 1.4 billion pounds of trash per year enter the ocean?” Source: NOAA. Facts About Ocean Pollution. A big part of the problem: pollution. Fact 17: Microfibers also cause much pollution. These sources of pollution can include residential waste, industrial waste, agricultural waste, chemicals, particles, and invasive organisms. 1.8 trillion pieces of trash and covers an area twice the size of Texas. These patches are formed by large, rotating ocean currents called gyres that pull debris into one location, often to the gyre’s center. These small animals are then eaten by larger animals that again increase the concentration of chemicals. Ocean Acidification. 1. In 1975, the National Academy of Sciences estimated that ocean-based sources, such as cargo ships and cruise liners had dumped 14 billion pounds of garbage into the ocean. More plastic than fish.Eight million metric tons: That’s how much plastic we dump into the oceans each year. Image: Ray Boland, NOAA. 2# The biggest source of pollution in the ocean is directly from land based sources, such as oil, dirt, septic tanks, farms, ranches, motor vehicles, among larger sources. Trash rivers flowing to the ocean is a depressing thought, but there is good news. Plastic, in particular, is harmful to the environmentas it does not break down easily and is often … 90% of plastic polluting our oceans is carried by just 10 rivers. Tue 18 Aug 2020 11.32 EDT Last modified on … “Marine pollution occurs when harmful, or potentially harmful, effects result from the entry into the ocean of chemicals, particles, industrial, agricultural and residential waste, noise, or the spread of invasive organisms. This problem is no more a thing of tomorrow. While the state of the ocean’s pollution may not come as any sort of surprise to many people, the following cold hard facts might: Fact 1: Plastic is the most common element that is found in the ocean. We’re here to help! Fact 24: The dead zones are growing in number. Plastic does not degrade; instead, it breaks down into progressively smaller pieces, known as microplastic (smaller than 5 mm) by sun exposure and wave action. There are five of them around the world, and the largest — the Great Pacific Garbage Patch — includes an estimated Our materials are produced by scientific researchers and build on our 10 years expertise as leaders in plastic and the oceans. Water and air, the two essential fluids on which all life depends, have become global garbage cans. The ocean is home to nearly 95 percent of all life. The 5 most common trash items found in oceans around the world are all single-use plastics. All these waste actually move through the soil structure that lead it to the open ocean and polluting it as their last stop. These animals are a major food source for tuna, sharks, sea turtles and other creatures. Ocean pollution occurs when potentially harmful or harmful sources of pollution reach the water. Human action is not the only source of ocean pollution of course, but agriculture, industry, and transportation do generate a huge amount of waste that gets into oceans. Three hundred thousand dolphins and porpoises die each year as a result of becoming entangled in discarded fishing nets, among other items. When it eventually degrades Fact 27: The ocean pollution is more common in waters more than 2,000 feet deep, with the most common plastic bags, metal cans, fishing equipment, glass bottles, shoes, tires, etc. Fact 21: Sewage leads to the decomposition of organic matter that, in turn, leads to a change in biodiversity. Since 2004, we've worked with partners in eight countries to conserve marine life in four key areas: the Abrolhos Seascape in Brazil; the Bird’s Head Seascape in Indonesia; the Eastern Tropical Pacific Seascape in Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia and Plastic pollution is one of the greatest threats to ocean health worldwide. When plastic eventually degrades, which is around 400 years for most plastic, the process releases chemicals that further contaminate the sea. (And 5 Ways to Dispose of), Is Junk Mail Recyclable? Fact 13: Even though mostly the trash and waste dumped into the ocean is released hundreds of miles away from land, it still washes up on beaches and coastal areas, and affects everything in between. At Conservation International, we're committed to protecting nature in all its forms — for the benefit of everyone on Earth. We're proud to be recognized as a financially accountable and transparent organization. Plastic is one of the most common causes of ocean pollution causing immense harm to marine life. Causes, Effects and Wonderful Solutions to Environmental Pollution, Causes, Effects and Solutions to Land Pollution You'll Wish You'd Known. In the U.S., where over half of us live along the coast and more than 78 percent of our overseas trade by volume comes and goes along our marine highways, the health of our coasts is intricately connected to the health of our nation's economy. Fact 33: Till today, in many parts of the world, sewage water is discharged in the ocean – untreated or under-treated. Fact 7: There are five gyres in the ocean, one in the Indian Ocean, two in the Atlantic Ocean, and two in the Pacific Ocean. It’s dumped, pumped, spilled, leaked and even washed out with our laundry. One of the major environmental issues that we get to hear about today is about ocean pollution, and how it is taking its toll on marine life. Fact 16: Toxic metals can destroy biochemistry, behavior, reproduction, and growth in marine life. 6. When we burn fossil fuels, we don’t pollute just the air but the oceans, too. (And How to Keep Them Away), Do Deer Eat Peonies? Facts and figures on marine pollution Land-based sources (such as agricultural run-off, discharge of nutrients and pesticides and untreated sewage including plastics) account for approximately 80% of marine pollution, globally. Ocean Pollution Facts. It’s dumped, pumped, spilled, leaked and even washed out with our laundry. There, the number of floating plastic pieces outnumbers total marine life by six to one in the immediate vicinity. 3# Over one million seabirds are killed by ocean pollution each year. By 2050, ocean plastic will outweigh all of the ocean’s fish. More than 50 percent of sea turtles have consumed plastic. . From soil, water or land, they can enter into ocean currents and can travel longer distances. Almost 70 percent of ocean garbage actually sinks to the seafloor for which we’re unlikely ever to be able to clean it up. Plastic and other forms of pollution are ending up in our marine life, and it’s … In fact, 80 percent of plastic pollution Noise pollution can cause health problems for people and wildlife, both on land and in the sea. 8/ The amount of plastic in the world’s oceans could increase by a factor of 10 in the next decade. Even if the ocean’s ecosystem isn’t destroyed entirely, it is still changed drastically, and often not for the better. Many ocean pollutants are released into the environment far upstream from coastlines. More than one-third of the shellfish-growing waters of the United States are adversely affected by coastal pollution. (And Ways To Protect Peonies), Do Deer Eat Roses? The number of dead zones is growing.In 2004, scientists counted 146 hypoxic zones (areas of such low oxygen concentration that animal life suffocates and dies) in the world’s oceans. Plastic poses a double danger.Ocean trash can be broken into smaller pieces — known as microplastic — by sun exposure and wave action, after which it can find its way into the food chain. One hundred thousand sea mammals are killed in the ocean by pollution each year. This polluted runoff comes from cars, boats, septic tanks, farms, and ranches. The amount of plastic that's been dumped into the ocean has been increasing. Animals at the top of the hierarchy of the food chain have contamination levels millions of times higher than the water in which they live. of survival, upsetting the food chain and impacting the multibillion-dollar shellfish industry. 35 Surprising Facts About Ocean Pollution That Might Scare You. In fact, 80% of plastic pollution comes from just 20 countries, including the United States. But as we have seen, this has proven not to be the case. Marine life is dying, and as a result, the whole oceanic ecosystem is threatened simply by various sources of pollution. single year. This post relates 15 key facts about ocean pollution in areas like impacts, trends, and numbers. Protecting the nature we all rely on for food, fresh water and livelihoods. Scientists warn prevalence of plastic pollution may pose risks to human and ocean health. The 10 rivers that contribute to 90 percent of ocean pollution are the Yangtze, Indus, Yellow, Hai He, Ganges, Pearl, Amur, Mekong, the Nile and the Niger. In 2004, scientists counted 146 hypoxia or dead zones, areas of such low oxygen concentration that animal life suffocates and dies, in the world’s oceans. Fiona Harvey Environment correspondent.  The North Pacific Gyre off the coast of California is the largest oceanic garbage site in the entire world. With skyrocketing plastic production, low levels of recycling, and poor waste management, between 4 and 12 million metric tons of plastic enter the ocean each year—enough to cover every foot of coastline on the planet!And that amount is projected to triple in the next 20 years. When the algae decomposes, oxygen in the surrounding waters is consumed, Share the dirty truth about ocean pollution and help make a difference. (And Ways to Reuse Old Lighters), Causes, Effects and Solutions to Ocean Pollution That Could Save Our Planet, 11 Biggest and Worst Oil Spills in World History, 20 Extraordinary Things You Can Do to Save Endangered Species, Can You Recycle a Mattress? Every year more than 8 million tons of plastic is dumped into our oceans, but how does that affect humans and what can we do to stop this behavior? Below are some astounding facts that demonstrate the size and severity of the issue, and why the solution relies on the small, everyday actions of individuals and business owners around the world – including you. If you, I, and those around the world are to preserve our oceans, drastic measures have to be taken to combat this pollution. The debris forming garbage patches can be found from the surface of the ocean all the way to the ocean floor. Unlike natural materials such as cotton or wool, these plasticized fibers do not break While all five oceans have suffered as a result of human consequence for over millennia by now, it has accelerated in the past few decades. Marine debris. Last updated: July 28, 2020. But in reality, they have not disappeared, and their effects can be easily seen as they have entered the food chain. And these little-known facts about the ocean are sure to blow you out of the water. Even nutrients can become harmful.When dumped at sea in large amounts, agricultural nutrients such as nitrogen can stimulate the explosive growth of algae.  Over 1 million seabirds and 100,000 sea mammals are killed by pollution every year. We’ve down. Fact 23: In several parts of the world, including the Gulf of Mexico and the Baltic Sea, Eutrophication has created enormous dead zones that can result in mass die-offs of fish and other marine life, making those zones impossible for marine or plant life. Over the last ten years we have produced more plastic than during the whole of … Fact 22: Fertilizer runoff creates eutrophication that flourishes algal bloom in aquatic systems. Each year, we expose the world’s waterways to an increasing variety of pollutants — plastic debris, chemical runoff, crude oil and more. The term “garbage patch” is a large area actually made up of debris ranging in size, from microplastics to large bundles of derelict fishing gear and other marine debris collects. The pollution often comes from nonpoint sources such as agricultural runoff, wind-blown debris and dust.”. China, Indonesia top the trash tally.More plastic in the ocean comes from China and Indonesia than anywhere else — together, they account for one-third of plastic pollution. If we are to preserve the ocean and its natural beauty, drastic measures have to be taken to combat this pollution and keep what we hold most dear. Other pollution facts: Americans generate 30 billion foam cups, 220 million tires, and 1.8 billion disposable diapers every year, according to the Green Schools Alliance. It poses a significant health threat to the various sea creatures and the entire marine ecosystem. Fact: Most of the plastics in the ocean come from items we use every day—bags, bottles, caps, food containers, etc. However, only a small percentage of oil (around 12%) dumped in the ocean comes as a result of actual oil spills. Before, it was assumed that because the ocean was so big, vast and deep, that the effects of dumping trash and litter into the sea would only have minimal consequences. Fact 26: People get contaminated easily by eating contaminated seafood that can cause serious health problems, from cancer to damage to the immune system. So how does trash get into the ocean? Then it can find its way into the food chain but never disappears. Unfortunately, it is being threatened by pollution from people on land and from natural causes.Marine life is dying, and as a result the whole oceanic ecosystem is threatened simply by various sources of pollution. Here are some troubling facts about the pollution crisis plaguing our oceans. It is harmful to the environment as it does not get break down easily and is often mistaken as food by marine animals. Fact 25: Small animals at the bottom of the food chain absorb the chemicals as part of their food. Noise from ships and human activities in the ocean is harmful to whales and dolphins that depend on echolocation to survive. Unless you strongly believe in Elon Musk‘s idea of making Mars as another habitable planet, do remember that there really is no 'Planet B' in this whole universe. A true environmentalist by heart ❤️. 25 Easy and Simple Ways To Reduce Landfill Waste, Can You Recycle Frying Pans? The denial mode might seem comforting, but the fact is, we are already at the receiving end. (And Ways to Reuse Old Bottles), 13 Amazing Plants That Do Not Need Drainage Holes, Do Deer Eat Petunias? Startling Facts About Ocean Pollution You Need to Know Right Now. Fact 2: At least 8 million tons of plastic enter the oceans each year. Get the latest updates on our work delivered to your inbox. Here are 30 amazing facts about water pollution that might impress you : Fact 1 : About two million tons of sewage is dumped into the world’s water bodies daily.Annually, 14 billion pounds of garbage containing mostly plastic is thrown into the world’s oceans, causing large-scale destruction of … Plastic debris can absorb toxic chemicals from ocean pollution, therefore poisoning whatever eats it. 5 garbage patches.There’s so much junk at sea, the debris has formed giant garbage patches. Fact 12: Over one million seabirds are killed by ocean pollution each year. (And 6 Clever Ways to Reuse Old Keys), Can You Recycle Shampoo Bottles? creating a vast dead zone that can result in mass die-offs of fish and other marine life. Three times as much oil is carried out to sea via runoff from our roads, rivers and drainpipes. The ocean remains one of the most expansive, mysterious and diverse places on Earth. 9/ Cigarette butts, plastic bags, fishing gear, and food and beverage containers are the most common forms of plastic pollution found in the oceans… It is an island of garbage twice the size of Texas. Fact 15: Oil spills suffocate marine life to death, and leads to behavioral changes and a breakdown in thermal insulation to those that do survive. In 2017, in the Gulf of Mexico, oceanographers detected the largest dead zone ever measured, nearly the size of New Jersey. Thousands of tons of waste and trash are dumped into the ocean on a daily basis. (And What to Do With Old Junk Mail), Can You Recycle Lighters? Oil spills aren’t the big(gest) problem.Headline-grabbing oil spills account for just 12 percent of the oil in our oceans. Nonpoint source pollution can make river and ocean water unsafe for humans and wildlife. Our ocean is being flooded with two main types of pollution: chemicals and trash. The latest updates on our work with oceans, forests and more. Here are some ocean pollution facts that everyone on our blue planet ought to know. Fact 30: Chemicals from industries and mines can also enter the ocean through land-based activities. Fact 5: Over 100,000 marine animals die every year from plastic entanglement and ingestion. Fact 8: There is an island of garbage twice the size of Texas inside the Pacific Ocean: the North Pacific Gyre off the coast of California includes an estimated 1.8 trillion pieces of trash. With each load of laundry, more than 700,000 synthetic microfibers are washed into our waterways. Every marine animal is affected by man-made chemicals released in the water. Over one million seabirds, three hundred thousand dolphins and porpoises are killed each year by ocean pollution, not to mention the thousands of other lives that pollution impacts as well.
2020 facts about the ocean pollution