The persimmon trees display a pattern made up of blocks with vertical ridges tan run down the trunk. The State Champ, in Butler County, measures 34 feet tall and 36 feet wide. Missouri’s tallest living tree on record is a Pumpkin Ash. Dead wood naturally forms in mature trees as interior crown gets shaded. ‘Bradford’ Pears have been eliminated from many nurseries and replaced with improved varieties. Some buds are sharp and hard to the touch. Insect infestations should be monitored regularly. Its bark is grayish and rough, with unique warty projections. Aromatic sumac leaves have has a strong, astringent fragrance when crushed. Trees that have scaly bark are shagbark hickory, strawberry tree, maple and river birch. The tree grows well in the same areas of Missouri as the jack pine tree. These trees are candidates for removal. the bark of red oak is light grey, smooth and shiny . Growing only to about 25-30 feet, this is another tree that can be planted near utility wires. Healthy trees of high value can be treated with fungicide only to stave off DED and other fungal diseases. To learn more about EAB in Missouri visit http://www.emeraldashborer.info/. Black locust invades dry or moist open woodlands, stream valleys, pastures, thickets and roadsides. Find local MDC conservation agents, consultants, education specialists, and regional offices. Tree species of concern in Missouri (see related links for full list): Special Concern: Castanea pumilia, Ozark Chinquapin, Allegheny Chinquapin. Pevely, Missouri 63070 Most members have simple, alternate leaves with serrated margins. The presence of the fungus in the vascular system of the tree inhibits the flow of water and nutrients. But if you’re looking for a smaller tree, try the Paperbark Maple. Trees with this characteristic bear their leaves and twigs in opposite positions on the stem. In addition to its landscape value, the White Oak has an impressive industrial history. Click here if your American Elm is still alive and bigger than this. These characteristics are very helpful if you carry a pocketknife. Click here if you would like to see all the sizes of State Champion Ash Trees. This trait can be very obvious on younger stems, but look closely on older stems, which can be affected by harsh weather and environmental conditions. the bark of a young red maple. Hornbeam is a slow-growing pyramidal tree while young; it is rounded at maturity. Trees with this characteristic do not have a bud at the end of the stem. At a young age, branches with narrow angles should be removed. If co-dominant stems are allowed to mature, the tree should be professionally inspected for hazards, as tree support systems may be necessary to prevent breakage. The bark on young trees is usually dark, blackish-brown and scaly. It is very light … Despite some frost damage that has persisted from the nursery, the trees have done quite well with little help from me. Mature, multiple trunk specimens may require a support system to prolong their existence. American hornbeam is found along rocky stream banks and moist, wooded areas of Missouri. Clearance and Vista pruning of major live branches should be done in the fall and winter months, when possible, to avoid attracting additional insects. Everyone is invited to join the search for Missouri's champion trees. Many Missouri River floodplain trees can be very tall with leaves out of reach; as such, we formatted this guide to focus on bark providing the most direct identifier for the student. Brittle limbs are prone to wind, and especially ice and snow damage due to their dense evergreen needles. Flowering Dogwood is the official state tree of Missouri, and has been a long time favorite among native gardeners. Only time will tell if these new varieties are a viable replacement. the bark of ruby horsechestnut is dark green - grey and smooth. The tree can usually be preserved with a series of bolts, cables, braces and other hardware. Wounded branches should be properly cared for, as decay will set in quickly on jagged, torn branches. Dead wood is unsightly, hazardous, and harbors overwintering insects and should not be ignored. The dense foliage provides a year round barrier from unwanted views and sounds, and also makes a nice windbreak. The trees are often misplanted in the landscape, in areas that cannot sustain a tree of this size. Acorns can be abundant and problematic, causing fall hazards in walking paths. It’s grand vase shape on both sides of the street created a canopy of shade for the underlying passage as the trees matured. Sweetgums require some regular maintenance, but tolerance to difficult conditions and unbelievable fall color is worth it. As with any plant, stressed trees are more susceptible to injury by insects and disease. The Missouri state champion is located in Scott County, at 82 feet tall with a crown spread of 67 feet. Unethical or uncaring tree services might recommend this species for regular topping, heading back, or ‘hat racking.’ This is the worst thing you can do for any tree, call a true professional or click here for more information on tree topping. Though typically white and round, color and shape may vary. Unfortunately, there are a large number of our treasured elm trees that are afflicted by Dutch elm disease, a disease caused by a type of fungi spread by bark beetles. The American Elm has secured its place in American history, but is not recommended for resale due to the reasons above. This includes the true black oak, Quercus velutina, and also northern red, southern red, pin, shingle, willow, water, blackjack, cherrybark, shumard, and scarlet oaks. Listed below are genuses or species that display characteristics useful for identification. Borers, leaf spots, and other insects and fungi tend to attack stressed trees. 3670 Rice Rd. This is usually a medium to large sized tree, growing to a height of 60-75 feet. In the decades following, the tree has become famous only for its proficiency in breaking under the stresses of wind and ice, due to the branches stemming from the same area along the trunk and the included bark that forms. Inspect your trees for D shaped borer holes about 1/8 inch across, as well as ½ inch long emerald colored beetles. read more, Tree Maintenance In many cases, we have successfully supported an over-mature tree and planted its replacement in the same area. Spreads by … Some characteristics are common among all members of a genus, while some are specific to a particular species. Wild cherry tree bark is shiny and maroon, with ‘tiger’ stripes; … Usually excurrent in form, having a single trunk with lateral branches. Helpful. This is another small native tree that can add early spring color to your landscape. I have the most luck planting in partial shade, but have seen them in full sun. Hailed as the leading commercial timber tree in the southeast United States, the native Loblolly pine grows rapidly with a straight trunk clear of branches. Care must be taken, as large wounds tend to lead to other problems and decay in the tree. We protect and manage the fish, forest, and wildlife of the state. Keep an eye out for chewing insects, while they usually won’t kill a healthy tree, they can ruin some of its seasonal landscape value quickly. The Missouri State Champion, in Mississippi County, is 34 feet tall and 41 feet wide. Branches must be pruned to a sufficient lateral, or the entire branch will die back to the trunk. In addition to shade, this tree is planted for a brilliant show of gold, red, and sometimes purple fall colors. Stately tree found in many established neighborhoods and cities in Missouri. Buds without cover scales are referred to as naked. Mature Pin Oaks should have dead wood removed regularly, usually every 3-5 years. Click here if your tree is bigger to link to MDC. Spiked, ball shaped fruit falling to the ground is a nightmare to clean up and a hazard to walk on. If you suspect your tree is infested with Emerald Ash Borer call your local urban forester with the Missouri Department of Conservation. The National Champion is over 200 feet tall. Additionally, some hickory bark becomes raised at the plate edges as the tree matures, and eventually flakes off, from top to bottom. Trees of the White Oak family are susceptible to Oak Wilt, but the disease affects these trees differently than Red Oaks, and can be treated. Opposite branching. Downy serviceberry blossoms emit a sweet, musty fragrance. Click here if your White Oak’s crown spreads farther than this. Some buds will have one scale completely covering the bud; some will have two. Knowing the kind of tree you have will help you in knowing how to care for it. Click here if your Sweetgum gives this one a run for its money. Leaf chewing and boring insects can usually be easily eliminated using either a localized or systemic insecticide. Stately tree found in many established neighborhoods and cities in Missouri. View the Current Champion Trees. See more ideas about native plants, plants, trees to plant. Oak tree bark: Immature Pin oak trees have smooth red-gray bark that gradually becomes rougher and grayer as the tree matures. We are so confident in our process, that we will guarantee that your tree won’t break, or we’ll remove it and replant another tree for free. The trees do not tolerate severe root disturbance with machinery, soil compaction or grade changes. How to Identify a Tree by Its Bark Smooth, unbroken bark. In This Section. Pin oak tree bark. pages long, Fifty Common Trees of Missouri packs a lot of information into a small amount of space. How to tell trees apart. BOTH have Beech-type leaves except one has smooth edges and opposite leaves, 7 per bract, and the other has serrated edges and alternate leaves, about 6 per bract. Three-lobed fruiting structures drooping from the tree are showy, and the fall color can include shades of yellow, orange, and red. Oak wilt is usually fatal to Pin Oaks and all trees of the Red Oak family. Bradford Pear trees have been planted, sometimes to excess, along city streets and private yards since the late 1960’s and 1970’s. Sassafras albidum, commonly called sassafras, is a Missouri native, ornamental, small to medium-sized deciduous tree which occurs in wood margins, fence rows, fields, thickets and roadsides. As a native, most of White Oaks normal pests do not cause a big problem, unless the tree is under stress from several factors at once. Hickory trees have bark that forms ridges in a vertical pattern. The bark can sometimes be infected with gummosis fungi and flatheads eat the inner bark and can damage limbs. Missouri tree and flower lovers look forward to the mid-spring display every year. 636-209-8139 Dogwoods are not very pollution tolerant and don’t grow well in poorly drained or extremely dry environments. ‘Bradford’ should be properly inspected for hazard and supported with hardware to prevent or mitigate breakage hazard. This is the best maple tree bark identification characteristic you can find out there. A Dying Species. Click here if you think yours has a shot at the title. Kendra Holliday. At 150 feet tall, this giant peers over Mississippi County, MO, and is also the National Champion Pumpkin Ash. Eastern redcedar, Juniperus virginiana ..............................................9 9. Because many guides focus on leaves and stems to ID trees, we understand that this is a unique approach to learning tree species. A staple in the Missouri landscape, Eastern Redbud is recognized by many as a beautiful native tree that provides us the first sign of true spring. It reaches 50 feet in just 20 years, and when mature can top 100 feet with a trunk diameter between 2-3 feet. Click here if your Silver Maple is bigger. Trees that are already infected cannot be saved, and should be removed and destroyed to prevent infection of nearby trees. The Missouri State Champion is located in St. Louis, at Bellfontaine Cemetary, and measures 102 feet tall with a spread of 122 feet. Periodic watering during the hottest of summer months helps to reduce stress. It also shares wildlife and human uses for each species, and includes an interesting fact Oak galls, rounded growths on branches and twigs, can be unsightly, but usually not harmful to the tree unless other stressors are also existent. Light gray bark covers its smoothly ridged or flattened trunk. Need help in IDing a couple of trees in my neighborhood (central New Hampshire) BOTH of which are young (less than 5 inches at base) and have small-scale 'shaggy bark'. Click here if your White Pine is over 100 feet tall. Some different bark textures include: A) the smooth bark of a beech (Fagus sp.) With these, you can determine numbers of leaflets and patterns. Compound leaves. A well-trained eye and skilled hand can prolong this cycle by thoroughly cleaning the crown of dead and dying branches. Champion Trees. Spicebush twigs have a sharp, spicy flavor. We have had success with thinning the crown for air passage, and installing support hardware to keep these trees alive and healthy for many years beyond the average lifespan. Plant breeders have been working with new varieties of Elms that are resistant to DED and other diseases with some success. Furrowed : This bark is the most common type of bark out there, and this is what most people think of when you talk about tree bark. Zigzag Twig Conformation. Iron chlorosis, or yellowing of leaves can lead to poor appearance and health if left untreated. This tree holds up well in the extreme heat of Missouri summers. The bark forms distinct rectangles, which a distinct feature of the tree. (Usually within two years after death.) One birch, Betula nigra(River Birch) is native to Missouri. The Eastern Redbud flowers can be seen along nearly every country roadway in the state in late March through April. This fungal disease is vectored by bark beetles, as well as root grafts when an infected tree’s roots come into contact with a healthy tree’s roots. The pictures of the bark are helpful for "winter" trees. Chlorotic (yellow- leaves) trees and surrounding soil should be tested and amended as necessary to promote health. White Oak, my favorite of all Missouri trees, is one of the most impressive shade trees to be found in our area. This is more obvious on some species than others, but it is always a useful identification aid. The seeds are borne in hanging clusters of leaflike bracts. Erythrobalanus is the name for the red or black oak group. The live oaks are usually grouped here, too, although none grow in Missouri. Thorns, spines, or spurs. White Oak is a durable, long-lived tree that can survive centuries if undisturbed. Read more. I have witnessed many fine specimen’s demise due to careless or unknowing contractors digging up or changing the root zone. Trees with this characteristic bear their leaves and twigs in opposite positions on the stem. Some owners like to remove the lower branches for the ease in mowing or walking under. Flowering Dogwood is a great native choice for a small tree with four season interest. Kentucky coﬀeetree, Gymnocladus dioicus .......................................11 11. White Pine is one of the most widely used landscape evergreens in our area. Birch tree bark peels in curly strips. Large evergreen works well for many uses. Considered a weedy tree, as trees produce prolific seeds every few years that germinate quickly in disturbed sites. Even in this latter case, bristles ar… They may vary from few to many, short to tall, common to intermittent, etc. On some branches, the buds are barely visible or are entirely surrounded by the twig. Because many guides focus on leaves and stems to ID trees, we understand that this is a unique approach to learning tree species. Relatively weak wooded and is susceptible to ice and wind damage (sometimes can break under the weight of its own fruit.). Sometimes you'll notice that a tree's... Lots of lenticels. Wild cherry tree bark Prunus avium. Fast growing for an Oak, these trees are planted for their dense shade and formal habit. Beyond the riverine lowland, where St. Louis and Washington University sit, lie Missouri’s Ozark forests to our south and the great prairie to the north. Cankers, when diagnosed early, can be treated with corrective pruning. the bark of service tree is grey with small scales and shallow grooves . But, it becomes a search by comparison, rather than following a traditional tree key, All-in-all a solid 4 star book. Others may have many multiples of scales. These ridges may be shallow or deep, far apart or close together, but always vertical. As discussed above, prone to breakage and complete loss of tree under wind, ice and snow, (sometimes in calm, sunny weather.). When properly maintained, Pin Oak can be a wonderful attraction to almost any landscape; un-kept, its greatest eyesore. Learn what tree topping is and why it hurts your tree. see above, DED is one of the biggest, causing sudden death in Elm trees. Dead wood should be removed from the crown as soon as practicable, to prevent beetles from overwintering under the bark. Cracked or split trunks are a big problem with mature Eastern Redbuds. White Pine is one of the fastest growing landscape pines, growing to a mature height of 70 to 90 feet in 25 to 40 years. Recently, this pest has been discovered in Wayne County, MO, and the Department of Conservation has taken steps to quarantine the area. Click here if your Eastern redbud qualifies for the finals. The Missouri State Champion is 121 feet tall with a crown spread of 120′, located in Saline County. One of Missouri's most common species, hackberry is closely related to the elms. The Missouri Champion is 81 feet tall and Spreads 112 feet. If you are in love with yours, we can make it last many more years. Delicate elmlike leaves and a dense branching habit characterize the tree. White Oak is very susceptible to construction damage. Ash trees, similar to Pin Oak, naturally die back in the inner crown as the area gets shaded. This is an annual treatment and can be successful in preventing fatal damage by EAB. Trees have many variations in their bark -- color, texture, thickness, etc. The support system can buy another 5-10 years, sometimes more, giving the replacement time to grow up and inherit that spot in the landscape. Larger specimens can often benefit from a structural support system. Know Your Tree This treatment is not successful in reviving trees that have already been severely damaged by EAB or other borers. Ash trees have been a long used city street tree, and also popularized in the suburban setting due to their filtered shade and wide sprawling crown. Its sprawling shade, strong wood, and slow but steady demeanor make it my favorite tree. Although compound leaves are not present in winter, large leaf scars generally indicate a compound leaf. Cankers can cause limbs and sometimes entire trees to die, fungal diseases such as Verticillium wilt can also be troublesome. These natives tend to thrive in the forest under the canopy of the larger trees. Related Post: Best Fruit Trees for Missouri The leaves may be lobed or entire as in the case with shingle, willow and water oaks. The most concerning insect problem with this tree is the invasive Emerald Ash Borer, which has killed millions of ash trees in the United States. This practice only accelerates the decay of the tree, and creates a much more dangerous hazard in the long run. Early trains used the wood to fire their boilers, settlers built homes and structures with it, and its wood is still used in whisky barrels. Oak tree leaves: Pin oaks are identified by glossy green leaves that are deeply lobed with pointed tips. This can be especially helpful in winter. Tree bark is at student level! Easily transplanted and often self-germinating from prolific seeds, these trees can reach a height of over 100′. The leaves are approximately 5 inches long, yellowish green, with prominant venation. In addition to the two inch white flower bracts, the trees have persistent bright red fruit, and interesting bark as they mature. Tree-of-heaven (an invader) blossoms are fragrant. Tree bark is at student level! Branches encroaching buildings can be clearance pruned in accordance to ANSI guidelines. 636-212-0185, 10 Common Missouri Trees, Their Characteristics and General Maintenance, Timberline Tree Care Service In The News | STL, St. Louis, Jefferson County, Thanks to Principia College | STL, St. Louis, Jefferson County. There are several native Ash species in Missouri, most grow 50 to 80 feet tall with a similar spread in the urban environment. Trees with this characteristic bear multiple leaflets in a variety of patterns and numbers according to species. Many trees and shrubs are fragrant, or their twigs have a distinct flavor. However, its overpopulation also led to its own demise as a sought-after staple in the landscape, as Dutch Elm Disease (DED) decimated the population over the past 30 years. Gum balls can be successfully controlled with a deflowering agent in early spring; the window of opportunity is narrow, so timing is critical. Trees that are not stressed heat, drought, or other factors tend to do well. There are a variety of characteristics that you can count on as useful tree identification aids. Most Ash trees display a bright yellow fall color, adding to their interest. Dead or broken branches that can attract and harbor insects should be removed as soon as practicable. Probably the most famous of all street trees, the American Elm lined many city roadways in the middle of the 20th century. As the trees grow older, there tolerance decreases even more. As trees age, thorns may be lost or altered, but when they are present they are helpful. Unfortunately, trees with smooth bark are appealing to vandals. Some estimates claim that DED is to blame for up to 500,000,000 American Elm deaths. Due to its natural size and weak wood, homeowners often seek to have these trees topped, or severely cut back, because they feel that the tree has grown too large. However, in Missouri only shingle oak has banana-shaped leaves. The beech tree has relatively smooth bark with no ridges. Occasionally they are elongated, but they still have a sharp point. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. High value trees can be treated to prevent borer and other insect infestations. … Therefore, they display a zigzag pattern as the twig grows. Persimmon trees are known and recognized by their dark wood. GUM BALLS! It gives you the basics for tree identification with descriptions and illustrations of bark, leaves, fruit, and flowers. From tree selection and planting to pruning guidelines, this section covers everything you need to know to take care of your backyard trees. the bark of plane tree grey - brown, covered in small scales, scaly. Trees with modified branches, such as honey locust; prickly stipules, such as black locust; and thorns, such as hawthorn, fit in this group. Named for its bark, which peels off in paper-like strips to reveal a brighter copper bark beneath, this tree can tolerate a wide range of soils and exposures. Red Oak: Red oak is identified by its light grey bark, with a smooth and lustrous texture. White Oak is a wide spreading shade tree that commonly grows to 80-100 feet tall in the forest, usually shorter and wider in the landscape. Start studying Missouri trees leaf ID. Many Missouri River floodplain trees can be very tall with leaves out of reach ; as such, we formatted this guide to focus on bark providing the most direct identifier for the student. Although this tree has been useful for many decades, and has been a favorite amongst landscape architects, planting of Ash species is not recommended until viable control for EAB or resistant varieties are discovered. Prefers moist soils with plenty of organic matter. White Pines are often maintenance free if planted correctly in the appropriate area. I have planted several in my garden to compliment the multitude of wild specimens in the woods near my house. Remove co-dominant leads at a young age, if mature trees have a co-dominant stem, the tree should be inspected, and a support system should be considered. Naturally excurrent (single dominant stem), this tree sometimes develops co-dominant stems, creating included bark and a weak point in the crown. There are many unreported giants just waiting to be discovered. Ash species are a host to many insects and diseases, including borers, leaf miners, cankers, leaf rust, leaf spot and many others. How To Identify Tree By Leaves And Bark Chop Doc Tree Identification Guide Bushcraft Usa Forums ... Tree leaf identification by and size homeimprovementall 10 common missouri trees their characteristics and general maintenance timberline tree care service … Shrubby in youth, but matures to a dense, pyramidal tree up to 60' tall. Trees that have already experienced major crown breakage are potentially hazardous and will never regain their natural shape. In forested areas, the trees tend to be taller and more slender. Himalayan Birch (Betula utilis jacquemontii) This tree has especially striking bark. Jul 11, 2017 - Explore B Van's board "Missouri Native Trees", followed by 136 people on Pinterest. Sweetgum is a medium to fast growing shade tree, relatively resistant to insects and disease, and tolerant of urban environments. Start studying Missouri Tree Identification. read more, Anti- Tree Topping Prolific ‘Whirlybirds,’ or seeds termed samaras quickly germinate in gutters, sidewalk cracks, or any un-kept area. Black cherry, Prunus serotina ...........................................................10 10. Missouri is home to 1.5 million acres of national forest, 53 state parks, and the confluence of two of the nation’s great rivers, the Missouri and the Mississippi. Bark often has lenticels - Mature branches with included bark should be inspected and supported as necessary. Red oaks are characterized by the little bristles or spine-like tips at the end of their leaves or lobes. They are trees, including a few ornamentals and shrubs, are commonly found in Missouri forests. As with most evergreens, this tree prefers a well-drained soil and will not tolerate standing water or extended wet conditions. read more, Timerbline Tree Care A landscape with a variety of tree barks has visual interest, especially in winter. This article focuses on trees with very smooth bark. Comment Report abuse. The pith is the soft, sponge-like material at the center of a stem or branch. The tree reaches an average height of 80 feet. ... Young trees sometimes have smooth... Bark peeling in horizontal strips. Ash Fraxinus Excelsior: Its bark is smooth and pale grey when a sapling. The trees are vase shaped large shade trees at maturity, most growing to 60 or 80′ tall with a crown spread 2/3 of the height. Dead or dying branches should be pruned back to healthy wood immediately to prevent spread throughout the tree. Unlike the other pines of this state, the red pine tree has less branch density on the lower portion of the tree. Leaf eating caterpillars and other insects can cause damage. Eroded areas along streams also provide potential habitat for seedling establishment. The contrast of light colored flowers against the deep green background is breathtaking. As it grows older, it develops shallow pits, deep cracks and bosses. Usually you can find the rachises (the rachis is the stem-like formation that holds the leaflets of a compound leaf) on the ground below the tree with minute leaflet scars on them. Both the similarities and the differences are useful identification tools. For instance, all oaks have simple, alternate leaves. Fast growing for an Oak, these trees are… Normally single stemmed, immature trees should have co-dominant stems removed. Small in stature, usually less than 25 feet, the Flowering Dogwood can be planted near power lines or other tight areas. As the trees mature, those with multiple trunks begin to split. Trees die off over the course of a season, and once dead, tend to fall apart quickly. When the trees are leafless, the bark becomes a very noticeable feature. Call 1-800-392-1111 to report poaching and arson. Trees are often multi-trunked, sometimes creating included bark and the opportunity for decay. Trees with only one trunk that does not split is not an elm. Root zones between infected and uninfected trees should be separated with machinery to prevent disease spread through root grafts. It can be found in upland forest natural areas where it becomes established along ridge-top logging roads, at old home sites, or in openings following natural tree fall. These trees should be inspected periodically by a professional to mitigate risk and liability due to breakage. The bark is greyish brown and smooth when young. Dead trees should be removed and destroyed immediately to prevent any hitchhiking insects. It is tolerant of the growth conditions found in urban communities. Corylus(Hazelnut) grows throughout the state as does Ostrya(Hophornbeam). Many other diseases attack the American Elm, and it is impossible to diagnose DED without laboratory testing. Earliest records show that this tree has been used as an ornamental since 1641. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. native to Missouri in this family. We facilitate and provide opportunity for all citizens to use, enjoy, and learn about these resources. Eastern cottonwood, Populus deltoides .............................................12 12. This dead wood should be removed periodically. tree, B) vertically furrowed bark of a live oak (Quercus virginiana), C) flaky bark of a sycamore tree, D) warty bark of the sugarberry tree (Celtis laevigata), and E) lenticels on the bark of a black cherry (Prunus serotina) tree. Tree The smooth, sinuous bark of this understory tree is very distinct. These trees can be relatively maintenance free if planted in the right environment. At that time, the tree was only known for its unmatched flower show in mid-March, glorious leaf color in summer, turning to bright red in the fall, and its resistance to Fireblight. Silver Maples have a valid use in the landscape, if the surrounding area is large enough to support a tree of this size at maturity. Mature bark roughens slightly with age. Tips on how to care for your tree. Also known as Soft Maple, named for it’s weak, brittle branches, this fast- growing shade tree can be found almost everywhere in St. Louis and surrounding areas. Pin Oaks usually grow to a height of about 70′, the Missouri state champion, located in Stoddard County, is 99 feet tall with a crown spread of 92 feet. Odor or taste. Trees with prickly appendages on their stems are easy to identify. Hint: Try planting a group of White Pines as a backdrop with smaller flowering trees in the foreground. Though they may not be always present, they are useful when identifying trees. All true leaves have a bud at the base of the leaf stem; leaflets don't have buds at their bases. In rich bottomlands, where it is commonly found, it may grow to 125 feet in height. Tree lovers should begin to cope with the fact that their Ash tree may need to be replaced in the near future. The red pine tree is distinguishable from other pine trees in Missouri by its reddish-brown bark and shape. Although I tend to gravitate toward the more natural form, this is a matter of personal preference. Colorado Blue Spruce Bark As is the case with most fast-growers, the wood is brittle and susceptible to breakage due to wind and ice. Many trees have rough, knobby appendages on their bark.